Fabric Types: The Ultimate Guide
Last Updated: Feb 01, 2022
Fabric is a material made from natural or synthetic fibers that are woven together to form a cloth. Fabric is produced by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, or pressing fibers together.
The first step in making fabric is to harvest the fiber. This can be done either by shearing sheep or by extracting the fiber from plants. The harvested fiber is then cleaned and sorted.
The next step is to twist the fibers together to create yarn. Yarn can be made from a single type of fiber or a blend of different types of fibers. The yarn is then wound into balls or skeins for further processing.
The fabric is then woven on a loom. The weaver chooses the colors and patterns for the fabric and determines the size and shape of the finished product.
There are different types of fabric here are the most common and popular once
This fabric is normally very strong and durable. It’s made from an often Time Heavy-duty thread called ‘Cotton a Broder’. The Canvas has a truly unique texture and appearance.
The Chiffon fabric is made from either silk or rayon. It usually has a sheer appearance and feel, although thicker chiffons can be opaquer. Chiffon fabric often has a slub in the yarn. This gives it a bumpy texture and appearance.
The Corduroy fabric is a type of fabric with vertical ridges. The difference between corduroy and velvet is that the cords in corduroy are much larger than those found on velvet.
Cotton is very soft, absorbent, breathable, and comfortable against the skin. It’s what most of us think of when we hear the word “fabric.” Cotton is durable if treated properly after washing which makes it perfect for high traffic items like bedding, tablecloths, and upholstery. This fabric offers enough variety and flexibility to make best types of shirts.
Denim is a fabric in which the weft goes under two or more warp threads. This twill weave produces a diagonal ribbing that distinguishes most denim types from other cloths with a plain weave. Denim was originally dyed blue using indigo dye to produce blue jeans, work pants, overalls, and jackets, among other things. Like many other fabric types, these are also prone to shrink. So learning things like how much do American Eagle jeans shrink will come in handy.
Chenille is a fabric with a pile or nap on one side, and it’s often referred to as chenille. Before being cut, tiny segments of yarn are woven through the warp and weft in this type of weave. The material is soft, velvety, and fuzzy.
Fabric made from silk, cotton, wool, or synthetic materials is referred to as crepe fabric. It’s thin and light, making it ideal for dresses, blouses, and skirts. Crepe cloth has a textured finish that gives it a distinctive appearance and feel.
The Damask Fabric is one-of-a-kind and limited Danish fabric. The cloth’s excellent craftsmanship and luxurious touch make it ideal for both daily wear and special events.
Georgette fabric is a transparent, light polyester that has a soft, floating feel. It’s made of silk or rayon and can be used to make blouses, dresses, skirts, and scarves. Georgette drapes well and has an elegant sheen.
Jersey fabric is a kind of knitted cloth manufactured from cotton, wool, or polyester fibers. It’s smooth and flexible, making it ideal for T-shirts, sweaters, and other apparel.
The term “khaki” refers to a fabric made of rugged, coarse cotton that features parallel ridges or welts down the length. This adds an individual texture and appearance to the material, making it distinct from other textiles.
The lace fabric is a delicate, see-through material manufactured from cotton, silk, or artificial fibers. It’s frequently seen in clothes like blouses, dresses, and skirts. Lace has its own texture and style that distinguishes it from other textiles.
This high-end cloth is composed of silk, cotton, wool, or synthetic fibers. It has a smooth, glossy finish and a little bit of stiffness to it. Satin is ideal for creating evening gowns, dresses, and other types of apparel.
This dress is made of silk, cotton, wool, or a combination of those fabrics. It’s delicate and inflexible, making it perfect for skirts, dresses, and other kinds of apparel. Taffeta has a distinct texture that sets it apart from other silks.
Cotton, silk, wool, or synthetic fibers are used in the manufacture of this sumptuous cloth. It has a soft and plush surface with a somewhat firm feel. Velvet is excellent for producing clothes such as jackets, coats, and robes because it is smooth to the touch.
The fabric is composed of cotton, silk, wool, or polyester fibers. It’s thin and light, making it ideal for clothing such as dresses, tops, and skirts. The texture of gingham fabric is a little crinkled, giving it a unique look as well as feel.
Linen is a traditional material made from flax fibers that are ideal for creating clothing items such as shirts, pants, and skirts. Linen is both strong and long-lasting, yet it is gentle and pleasant to wear. However, they’re susceptible to shrinkage. Learning how to unshrink a linen dress will help you remedy the situation.
This material is made of artificial fibers and is perfect for making clothing items such as tops, dresses, and pants. Polyester is a resilient and sturdy fiber that is also soft and comfortable to wear.
This fabric is composed of synthetic fibers and is ideal for producing clothing items like skirts, dresses, and pants. Spandex is both durable and comfortable to wear.
Fabric from cotton, silk, wool, or synthetic fibers is used to make this item. The muslin fabric has a crisply textured surface that adds character to the garment.
It’s made of silk, cotton, wool, or polyester fibers. It’s flimsy and translucent, it’s also frequently used in women’s clothing, particularly wedding gowns and other special occasion apparel.
This synthetic textile cloth, for example, is perfect for making jackets and other outerwear pieces. Polyurethane is a strong and long-lasting material that is still smooth and pleasant to wear.
Suede is a type of fake fur that’s commonly utilized to make jackets, coats, and other outerwear items. The soft, luxurious texture of suede feels wonderful against the skin.
Cotton, silk, wool, or polyester are examples of the fibers used to make this cloth. It is thick and long-lasting, making it very well upholstery items as well as other house décor initiatives.
The Velour fabric is a textile made from cotton, polyester, viscose, and sometimes wool. The material consists of 3 layers: the warp and weft are both made of cotton, while the pile surface is made from viscose.
The Twill is a diagonal weave; these are always woven using a “warp-faced” construction. This weaving process creates a subtle pattern of diagonal parallel lines known as the twill line, and this can be seen in most types of denim or gabardine fabric.
Viscose is a man-made fabric made by chemically treating natural cellulose. The result is very soft and highly absorbent, making viscose one of the most comfortable fabrics you can wear.
The dimity fabric is a type of lightweight cotton with a dull satin finish. The name refers to the plain weave, in which each weft thread passes over and then under two warp threads instead of going over one and then under one.
It is a type of weave that has a satin face and a woolly back. It is sleek, soft, smooth, and lustrous.
The Baize fabric is a very coarse, napped woolen fabric, usually made in green and white or red and white stripes. It is used to make tablecloths or for lining billiard tables.
The drill fabric is made up of cotton and polyester. The cotton makes the fabric soft and comfortable to wear, while the polyester makes it durable and resistant to wrinkles. This fabric is perfect for shirts, pants, and skirts.
The felt fabric is a type of fabric that is made from wool. It can be used for a variety of applications, including clothing, blankets, hats, and bags.
Poplin fabric is composed of two or more woven threads, simulating a twill but with the addition of decorative crosswise ribs. The thicker ribs are called Wales and usually range from 2 to 5 per inch. Poplin is a popular dress shirt fabric.
Gabardine is a tightly woven fabric, most used for making suits or outerwear. The name comes from the fabric’s original use for raincoats. The fabric is tightly woven, like twill, but the yarns are combed before weaving to produce a smooth face.
This fabric is popular because it is smooth and stretchable. The material is used for making yoga pants or leggings. It can also be used to make swimsuits, sports clothes, and running suits.
The Jute Fabric is made from the fibers of jute plants. It’s an environmentally friendly fabric because it’s organic and biodegradable. It has a rough texture, but it gets softened with washing.
The tissue fabric is extremely soft and comes in a wide range of colors. It is lightweight and drapes well. This fabric has a relatively plain weave and tends to wrinkle easily.
The Tricot Fabric is a fabric created from interlocking loops of material, typically made from cotton or nylon. It has a very soft feel, and since it does not fray, there is no need to hem the edges. This makes tricot perfect for creating baby clothes and linings in winter coats.
Voile is a lightweight, sheer fabric that can be used for blouses, dresses, curtains, and other home decor projects. Voile is made with cotton, nylon, or polyester blended with either silk or rayon.
The warp knitted fabric is made by interlocking the loops of yarn at right angles to each other. Warp knitted fabrics are strong, stretchy, thin, and crease-resistant.
This is a very popular class of fabrics in which warp yarns are interlaced with woof yarn. The most important property of the fabric is that it stretches transversely when subjected to traction.
The whipcord Fabric is a tough and tightly woven cotton cloth with diagonal ribs, making it very strong and slightly stiff. It is most commonly used for men’s trousers, shorts, jackets, and coats.
it is a plain weave fabric that has terry loops on one or both sides. It can be made from cotton, polyester, or other fibers. The use of this fabric includes making bathrobes and towels, among other things.
Tartan fabric is made of interlaced fibers. It can be woven in several different ways to create a number of different patterns. Tartans are typically used for clothing and decorative items, but they can also be used as tablecloths or curtains.
The stretch fabric is the most common one. It fits according to your body shape. This type of fabric can be found in almost every wardrobe through pants, jackets, tops, etc. The stretch fabric is usually made of cotton, spandex, or any other material that can provide it with elasticity.
This kind of fabric is perfect for making closets, bedding, drapes, and outdoor furniture. The Rib Stitch can be easily stretched because it has a great deal of natural give to it. It also works well in upholstery projects because it’s so durable and can stand light wear and tear.
This fabric is made from artificial fibers. It is blouses a lightweight and delicate fabric that is perfect for making clothing items such as skirts. Plisse fabric has a crinkled surface and elastic texture.
The pinpoint is a flat, finely woven fabric with a high-density weave. It has minimal stretch and is very strong. It is regularly used in shirts and suits because of its ability to go through the wash without losing form or color, but it can also be found in sleepwear.
This type of fabric is used to make quilts. The unique stitching pattern on quilted fabrics makes them thicker than other types of fabric.
The Purl fabric is mostly seen in the form of sweaters. It’s a textured knit, with loops on one side and ridges on the other.
This is one of the most common types of cotton fabric. It has a high thread count and a plain weave which gives it a crisp feel.
The Pique fabric is a lightweight, durable, and warm fabric that is produced by intertwining or binding weft and warp yarns into a strong cord.
It has a smooth surface and somewhat crinkled texture.
The plush fabric is very soft and thick. It is often used for making high-end garments, upholstery, and hosiery. Sometimes they are made of wool or silk. This fabric is typically known as the type of fabric that is being used in making different types of mattresses.
The fabric is characterized by a ribbed texture. It can also be made into multiple colors and patterns. Oxford fabric is mostly used to make shirts, sweaters, and jackets.
This fabric is mainly used for liquid or gas filtration. It can also be used to make geotextiles, protective clothing, and air filters. This type of fabric is perfect for creating stylish apparel like skirts, outerwear, and blouses. It is often mixed with spandex to give the cloth more stretchiness.
The Fleece fabric is made by shearing sheep. Different breeds of sheep produce different types of fleeces. The most common type of this fabric is the greasy, which has bits of lanolin left on it. These are then washed out before processing to make the cloth.
It is usually made from cotton, wool, or synthetic and is woven into a checked pattern. This fabric can be very soft and warm and is often used for making shirts and pajamas. Flannel can also be mixed with other fabrics such as spandex to create swimwear and sportswear outfit.
A fustian fabric is made from cotton blended with linen. The material is durable but not as smooth to touch compared to other fabrics like satin or muslin.
This fabric is made with very fine yarns of cotton, silk, or synthetic fibers. It is so light that it can be pulled through a small ring.
This fabric is quite durable and has a long life. It’s frequently utilized in the creation of uniforms, bedding, curtains, tents, and other products that need to withstand frequent usage.
This fabric is a looped, two-way stretch knitted fabric. It is made with a 1×1 rib knit construction. This means that each rib consists of a single horizontal and vertical yarn. The name interlock comes from the fact that the top loops from one stitch connect to the bottom loops of the next stitch.
Jean is a sturdy cotton fabric with an uneven surface, which gives it its unique characteristic. It is often used to make casual clothing like jeans and jackets.
The Jacquard fabric is a type of brocade made with very fine imaginary or real woven designs, often on silk or linen.
This type of fabric has a unique character as it is thin and light as well as warm. It is one of the most expensive fabrics around because of its rarity and exoticness. The Kashmir silk cloths are also known as “red gold” for their color. Since it falls in the expensive category, you should use moth proof garment bags to store your clothes.
It is a hand-spun and hand-woven fabric. It is also called khaddar. In Indian Subcontinent, this fabric has been used since ancient times. Different Types of Khadi Fabrics are available in the market with Different designs and Different Colors.
This fabric is woven from metallic thread. It often looks exactly the same on both sides, and it has a very smooth surface. The Lame Fabric is used for evening dresses and gowns because of its luxurious look and feel.
This fabric is very strong. It is often used in protective clothing because it has the ability to stop small particles from entering the wearer’s skin.
The leather fabric is made of cowhide, goat, piglet, etc. Different kinds of animals provide different kinds of skins to create leather fabrics. The main thing in the construction is that it’s woven together and not knit like many cotton fabrics. Different types of leather fabric are also made by treating the skins.
So here, you have finally gone through different types of fabric and their uses, along with the materials needed for each of them.
In this article, we only discussed the most common and popular fabrics that are in use around us. There is a lot more out there that we haven’t mentioned, but they aren’t as frequently used and therefore not very important to know about. We hope this article was helpful to you.
We have also covered how to cut sashing strips for quilts in another post. Do check that out if you’re interested.